prehistoric background

The prehistoric background of the Americas is often referred to as the “Pliocene”. While archaeology is the main source of information about prehistory, some scholars have been using evidence from natural and social sciences to further their knowledge of prehistoric life. The advocates of a “deep history” have articulated this concept and argue for the use of multiple sources. The prehistoric background of the Americas is a crucial piece of our understanding of human history.

Although these hunter-gatherers may not have had modern political structures, they probably did have some kind of social organization. They likely recognized the difference between different groups, and those with more material possessions would be seen as superior in power and wealth. Throughout history, societies have been characterized by social differentiation. Here are some examples of this. Listed below are a few examples of prehistoric societies:


Neanderthal Man is believed to have been in existence for around 200,000 BCE. The Neanderthals had brains that measured 1500 cc – larger than modern man’s. While cranial capacity is a good guide to the human intellect, internal brain architecture is even more important. Neanderthals may have carved the famous figurines and cupules found in Blombos cave in South Africa. Similarly, they may have engraved images onto ochre stones in the Dordogne rock shelter.


There are four major periods in the evolution of human civilizations. The earliest of these periods is called the Paleolithic, which begins with the first use of stone tools. The Middle and Upper Paleolithic periods are the shortest. In Africa, the Upper Paleolithic is known as the late Stone Age, or Late Stone Age. During this period, the first human paintings and sculpture were created. During this time, the evolution of agriculture was largely completed.