background in cucumber

background in Cucumber is a keyword that specifies the steps that run before a scenario. These steps can be any of the following:

background is similar to a scenario, but it runs before a feature’s other scenarios. Background scenarios are typically used for data loading and cleanup. The example in the figure above loads the Order Type into the database before running the Scenario. background is a useful feature of Cucumber, but it has some limitations. First, it cannot run the same background scenario twice. You must define only one background per feature, so you can’t use multiple Background scenarios.


To automate the scenario outlines, you can use the Scenario Outline keyword. Cucumber will automatically fill in the values of each scenario based on the values in the input data. If you use a dataset that has multiple rows, you can use the “And” and “But” variables. When you use these variables, make sure that you use double or single quotes to enclose them. If you don’t, they’ll be ignored.


To create a Cucumber scenario, you must first define the Runner. This is a special script that runs before or after the BDD script. Cucumber uses Junit for testing. To do this, you need to define the Test Runner class in the src folder. The Test Runner class uses the RunWith() annotation, which tells JUnit what type of class the Runner should use. It also contains the test definitions.


Background is used to add context to scenarios. Background is typically composed of Given steps, which run before each scenario. It is best to use this keyword when a scenario is simple or requires the user to make one decision. Background is also an effective alternative to Before hooks, but be careful when using it. You should only use it for one scenario per Rule, Feature, or Example, and it should not be used for complicated state scenarios. This is because the Background is less explicit than conditional hooks.